عنوان مقاله [English]
In recent years, the exploitation of aquatic reserves in the world has played a major role in the food industry. Therefore, seaside governments have sought to exploit new opportunities to meet the growing international demand for fish and fishery products by investing in modern fishing fleets and processing plants. But many of the fishery reserves have been damaged by overfishing and uncontrollable fishing. Clear signs are threatening the over-exploitation of valuable fishery stocks, changes in ecosystems, heavy economic losses, international disputes over fisheries management and trade, the long-term sustainability of fisheries and its contribution to food. Governments have therefore sought to take greater account of modern environmental and legal approaches to fisheries management, protecting environmental and environmental issues, as well as economic and social considerations. This descriptive and analytical study has concluded that fisheries and the right to exploit aquatic reserves are of particular sensitivity among the various sectors subject to complementary measures by the UN Conference on the Environment and Internal Rights of Iran. The main laws on the right to exploit aquatic life have been enacted by the Law on the Establishment of the Iranian Fisheries Organization and the Implementing Regulations of the Law on the Conservation and Management of Water Resources of the Islamic Republic of Iran. It is the jurisdiction of the Islamic Republic of Iran and the obligations set forth in the Law on the Conservation and Exploitation of the Marine Resources of the Islamic Republic of Iran are in a manner reflective of international regulations.