Mercury Distribution in Different Tissues of Yellowfin seabream (Acanthopagrus latus) from the Musa Estuary, Persian Gulf

Document Type : Research Paper


1 MSc. of Marine Pollution, Department of Marine Biology, Faculty of Marine Science, Khorramshahr University of Marine Science and Technology, Iran

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Marine Biology, Faculty of Marine Science, Khorramshahr University of Marine Science and Technology, Iran

3 Assistant Professor, Department of Marine Chemistry, Faculty of Marine Science, Khorramshahr University of Marine Science and Technology, Iran, Iran


Mercury concentrations in various tissues of Yellowfin seabream (Acanthopagrus latus) were
determined in five creeks of Musa Estuary – (1) Zangi, (2) Jafari, (3) Petroshimi, (4) Ghazaleh, and (5)
Majidieh. Tissue samples were digested in acid and their Hg concentrations were assayed by atomabsorption
method. Generally, the order of Hg concentrations in creeks was: Majidieh ≈ Ghazaleh >
Petroshimi ≈ Jafari > Zangi. High concentrations at Majidieh and Ghazaleh is due to the location of
the these creeks at the end sections of Musa Estuary, less water exchange with the open sea, transport
of pollutants by tidal currents, presences of oil export wharf and oil effusions, and probably
appropriate condition for the more Methylation of mercury. Calculation of muscle-liver ratio also
indicated that only the condition of Zangi creek is close to environmental static conditions. Finally the
order of mercury accumulation in body tissues of Yellowfin seabream was liver > muscle > skin ≈
bone ≥ fin ≈ scale, indicating high accumulation capacity of liver and muscle compared to other
tissues, probably due to developed vascularization, high percentage of water content, and biochemical
and functional characteristics of these tissues. It is also found that by the increase of mercury pollution
the difference between Hg accumulation in liver and muscle increased.


Main Subjects

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