Identification, community structure and distribution pattern of polychaetes in the Tiab Estuary–Persian Gulf

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Ph.D graduate. Department of Marine Science, Faculty of Natural Resources and Environment, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

2 Associate Professor, Department of Fisheries and Marine Science, Islamic Azad University, Tehran North Branch, Tehran, Iran

3 Assistant Professor, Department of Marine Science, Faculty of Natural Resources and Environment, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

4 Assistant Professor, Persian Gulf and Oman Sea Ecology Research Center, Iranian Fisheries Science Research Institute, Agricultural Research Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Bandar Abbas, Iran

5 Associate Professor, Department of Marine Science, Faculty of Natural Resources and Environment, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran



Density and seasonal changes of polychaet communities in Tiab estuary, located in Hormozgan province, were studied at different seasons in 2015. Sampling from 4 stations was performed using Van vin Garb (0.04 m2) in triplicates. The average total density of Polychaetes (±sd) was 226.04±193.06 per square meter. 21 families, 28 genera and 39 species were identified. The Cossuridae family had the highest frequency (38.8%). The highest average of Margalef index recorded in station 1 (4.6) and those lowest in station 2 (2.8). Regarding Shannon index, the maximum and minimum value were recorded in station 3 (2.7) and station 1 (2.2), respectively. The results of multivariate CAP analysis showed the effective relationship between environmental parameters and dominant Polychaetes. It was found that Aglaophamus malmgreni was the indicator species of station 4 in all seasons and the most important parameters affecting the distribution of this species were TOM, Silt and NO3. It was also shown that Cossura longocirrata is the dominant species of station 2 in spring and the amount of oxygen and increasing its concentration showed a close relationship with the distribution pattern of this species in the presence of the predominant presence of Prionospio steenstrupi at the same station in summer. Chlorophyll a was as an effective factor in distribution of this species. In the case of Cossura spp. and Nephtys spp. It was found that higher temperature with high concentration of PO4 and at the same time the species are resistant to oxygen deficiency and finally PO4 was identified as the most important factor affecting the distribution of Prionospio banyulensis as the dominant species in stations 1 and 3. The results showed Tiab Estuary with high biodiversity, balanced distribution of Polychaets and dominant sensitive species to pollution and environmental stress and the fluctuation of Polychaete communities is influenced by seasonal fluctuations and quality of water and sediment parameters in this aquatic ecosystem.


Main Subjects

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