جایگزینی پودر سویا (HP310) در جیرة غذایی و تأثیر آن در عملکرد رشد و فاکتورهای خونی قزل‌آلای رنگین‌کمان (Oncorhynchus mykiss)

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانش‌آموختة کارشناسی ارشد،گروه شیلات دانشکدة کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد علوم و تحقیقات تهران- ایران

2 استادیار گروه شیلات دانشکدة کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد علوم و تحقیقات تهران- ایران

3 استادیار گروه علوم دامی، دانشکدة کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی کرج، ایران

4 دکتری تخصصی، شرکت کیمیاگران تغذیه، شهرک صنعتی شهرکرد- فاز دوم

چکیده

هدف مطالعة حاضر بررسی تأثیر جایگزینی آرد ماهی با پودر اصلاح‌شدة سویا (HP310) در عملکرد رشد و ایمنی قزل‌آلای رنگین‌کمان ((Oncorhynchus mykiss بود. بنابراین، پنج تیمار آزمایشی حاوی سطوح جایگزینی 0 ، 25 ، 50 ، 75 و 100 درصدی HP310 با آرد ماهی جیره طراحی شدند. جیرة حاوی 100 درصد آرد ماهی (0 درصد) به‌منزلة تیمار شاهد در نظر گرفته شد. لاروهای قزل‌آلای رنگین‌کمان (میانگین وزن اولیة 03/0±17/1 گرم) طی دوره‌ای 60 روزه با جیره‌های آزمایشی، که هر یک واجد چهار تکرار بودند، تغذیه شدند. نتایج نشان داد که افزایش میزان پروتئین گیاهی تا سطح 50 درصد جیره بدون تأثیر منفی در میزان دریافت غذا سبب افزایش وزن بیشتر، افزایش نرخ رشد ویژه و کاهش ضریب تبدیل غذایی و در نتیجه عملکرد بهتر رشد در بچه‌ماهیان نسبت به تیمار شاهد شد (P<0.05)؛ در حالی که درصدهای جایگزینی بالاتر از 50 درصدی آرد ماهی جیره با منابع پروتئینی گیاهی، کاهش معنی‌دار دریافت غذا و عملکرد ضعیف‌تر فاکتورهای رشد بچه‌ماهی‌ها را به دنبال داشت(P<0.05) . بررسی پارامترهای خونی بیان‌گر کاهش میزان هموگلوبین، هماتوکریت و تعداد گلبول‌های قرمز خون با افزایش سطح جایگزینی HP310 در جیره‌های غذایی بود، البته این تفاوت میان تیمار شاهد و سایر تیمارها تا سطح 75 درصدی جیره قابل توجه گزارش نشد (P>0.05) و فقط تیمار حاوی 100 درصد HP310  کاهش معنی‌داری را نسبت به تیمار شاهد نشان داد (P<0.05). بررسی گلبول‌های سفید خون بیان‌گر افزایش معنی‌دار تعداد آن‌ها هم‌زمان با افزایش درصد جایگزینی آرد ماهی جیره نسبت به تیمار شاهد بود (P<0.05). نتایج آزمایش کنونی نشان داد که می‌توان پودر اصلاح‌شدة سویا (HP310) را تا سطح 50 درصد بدون تأثیرات منفی در عملکرد رشد و فاکتورهای خونی جایگزین آرد ماهی در جیرة غذایی ماهی قزل‌آلای رنگین‌کمان کرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effects of dietary soybean meal (HP310) source on growth performance and blood parameters of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)

نویسندگان [English]

  • Samira Haghbayan 1
  • Mehdi Shamsaie 2
  • Nima Eila 3
  • Seyed Yaser Abdolahtabar 1
  • Pourya Bozorg Zadeh 1
  • Dabir Rezaie 4
1 MSc. Department of Fisheries, Faculty of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Islamic Azad University, Science and Researches Branch, Tehran, Iran
2 Assisstant Professor, Department of Fisheries, Faculty of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Islamic Azad University, Science and Researches Branch, Tehran, Iran
3 Assistant Prof. Department of Poultry, Faculty of Agriculture, Islamic Azad University, Karaj Branch, Iran
4 PhD. Kimiyagarane Taghzieh Company, Shahrekord, Iran
چکیده [English]

The aim of present study was to evaluate the effect of replacing fish meal with modified soybean powder (HP310) on growth performance and immunity of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). So Fishmeal was replaced with HP310 at levels of 0, 25, 50, 75 and 100% in five experimental diets. A diet with 100% fishmeal (0% HP310) was used as control. Diets were fed to four replicate groups of 15 fish with an initial weight of 1.17±0.03 g for a period of 60 days. The results showed that diets with 25 and 50% of  HP310 increased Feed Intake and thus increased Weight Gain, Specific Growth Rate and reduced Food Conversion Ratio (P<0.05). But fish growth parameters decreased when 75 and 100% of substitution were used (P<0.05). Furthermore, the results of blood parameters analysis, indicated that the amounts of Hemoglobin, Hematocrit and Red Blood Cells decreased by increasing the level of HP310 in experimental diets. But the difference between the control and the other treatments were not significant up to 75 percent replacement levels of diet. And only 10% HP310 treated showed a significant decrease compared to the control (P<0.05). Study of white blood cells showed a significant increase with increasing levels of fish meal replacement diets compared to the control (P<0.05). The present results indicated that soybean meal (HP310) can be replaced up to 50% of fish meal in rainbow trout’s diet without negative effects on growth performance and blood parameters.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Blood parameters
  • Fish meal
  • growth factors
  • modified soybean powder (HP310)
  • Rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
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