شجره‌شناسی گونه‌ای اویستر بالدار مرواریدساز (Pteria loveni; Bivalvia: Pteriidae) از نواحی زیر جزرومدی خلیج چابهار بر اساس توالی ژن COΙ

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار دانشگاه دریانوردی و علوم دریایی چابهار، دانشکدة علوم دریایی، گروه زیست دریا.

2 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد، دانشگاه دریانوردی و علوم دریایی چابهار، دانشکدة علوم دریایی،گروه زیست دریا.

3 کارشناس ارشد، ادارة دامپزشکی چابهار.

چکیده

دوکفه‌ای‌ها دومین ردة بزرگ نرم‌تنان‌اند که در سازگاری به انواع زیستگاه‌های دریایی و آب شیرین بسیار موفق بوده‌اند، از دریاهای نزدیک به قطب جنوب تا آب‌های گرمسیری و از سواحل کم‌عمق تا نواحی عمیق پراکنش دارند. شجره‌شناسی کمک‌های قابل توجهی در مطالعات تطبیقی با ردیابی ژن گونة زنده و ارزیابی تکامل تاریخی آن‌ها می‌کند. در این تحقیق گونه‌ای از اویستر بالدار مرواریدساز از مناطق زیر جزرومدی خلیج چابهار به منظور بررسی توالی ژنی در سال 1392 جمع‌آوری شد. توالی نوکلئوتیدها در واحد 1 ژن سیتوکروم اکسیداز (COΙ) بررسی شد. توالی گونة مورد مطالعه با توالی 18 گونه متعلق به دو جنس از خانوادة Pteriidae موجود در بانک ژن مقایسه شد. روابط فیلوژنتیکی از طریق آنالیز Maximum Liklihood تجزیه و تحلیل شد. در این مطالعه تک‌تباری میان دو جنس مشهود است و نزدیک‌ترین گونه از نظر توالی ژنی به گونة مورد مطالعه از ایران گونة Pteria loveni است که با 71% بوت‌استرپ حمایت می‌شود. این اولین گزارش این گونه از سواحل جنوبی ایران است.
 
 
 
 
 
 

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Phylogeny of a pearl wing oyster species; Pteria loveni (Bivalvia: Pteriidae) from subtidalzone of Chabahar bay based on CO1 gene sequence

نویسندگان [English]

  • Gilan Attaran Fariman1 1
  • Najmeh Rasti 2
  • Fatemeh Naseri 3
1 Associat Prof., Department of Marine Biology, Facualty of Marine Sciences, Chabahar Maritime University., Chabahar, Iran
2 Msc student, Department of Marine Biology, Facualty of Marine Sciences, Chabahar Maritime University, Iran
3 MSc. Chabahar Veterinary Office , Chabahar, Iran
چکیده [English]

Bivalves are the second largest class of moluscs that have been abundantly successful in different habitats of marine and fresh water, from the cold circumpolar seas to tropical waters and from shallow shores to abyssal depths. Molecular phylogenetic comparative studies can help in tracing the historical evolution of the gene alive and evaluate them. In this research species of pearl wing oyster were collected to document gene sequence from Chabahar bay subtidal zone in 2013. The nucleotide sequence of COΙ determined. Species sequence in this study compared with the sequence of 18 species from GenBank belonging to the two genera of the family Pteriidae. Phylogenetic relationships analyzed by Maximum Liklihood. The result shows monophyly between the two genera and closest species to Iranian sampleis Pteria loveni that supported with almost moderate bootstrap (71%). This is the first report of Pteria loveni species from south coast of Iran.
 
 
 
 
 
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Bivalve
  • phylogeny
  • pearl wing oyster
  • COΙ
  • subtidal zone
  • Chabahar
 

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